# Lives listing by occupation: mathematician

- Euler, Leonhard (born 1707–died 1783), Swiss mathematician, scientist
- Fatio de Duillier, Nicolas (born 1664–died 1753), Swiss mathematician, scientist, academician, sectarian, Camisard
- Francis, Reverend Clement (born 1792–died 1829), English churchman, mathematician
- Galiani, Celestino (born 1681–died 1753), Italian mathematician, academic, scholar
- Galilei, Galileo (born 1564–died 1642), Italian mathematician, physicist
- Gauss, Johann Carl Friedrich (born 1777–died 1855), German mathematician, astronomer, surveyor, physicist
- Gillmore, Joseph (born 1666–died 1723), English mathematician, naval engineer
- Gool, Jacob (born 1596–died 1667), Dutch mathematician
- Graham, Thomas (born 1805–died 1869), Scottish mathematician, chemist, university teacher, academician
- Grandi, Luigi Guido (born 1671–died 1742), Italian churchman, Jesuit, philosopher, mathematician, engineer
- Gravesande, Willem Jacob 's (born 1688–died 1742), Dutch mathematician, physicist, academician
- Gregory, Charles (born 1681–died c. 1739), Scottish mathematician
- Gregory, David (born 1659–died 1708), Scottish mathematician, astronomer, academician
- Gregory, James (born 1638–died 1675), Scottish mathematician, university teacher, academician
- Gregory, James (born 1666–died 1742), Scottish mathematician

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